Riverstone High School

Resilience Respect Responsibility

Telephone02 9627 1484


Human society and its environment

In human society and its environment (HSIE), both subjects of history and geography are mandatory from Kindergarten to Year 10.

Students learn specific historical and geographical concepts and skills in history and geography. They also have an opportunity to learn more about people and the societies and environments in which they live through elective subjects in Years 7 to 10 (Stages 4 to 5).

A large number of individual subjects make up the key learning area of HSIE in which students:

  • research, gather and analyse information
  • question and make judgements
  • write for a variety of purposes. 

In Year 11 and 12, students can choose from a range of HSIE courses. These include:

  • Aboriginal Studies
  • Ancient History
  • Business Studies
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • History Extension
  • Legal Studies
  • Modern History
  • Society and Culture
  • Studies of Religion.

At Riverstone High School, we combine History and Geography under the banner of Human Society and its Environment (HSIE).

Students study History in Semester 1 and Geography in Semester 2.

  • Term 1: History
  • Term 2: History
  • Term 3: Geography
  • Term 4: Geography


The aim of the history is to stimulate students' interest in and enjoyment of exploring the past, to develop a critical understanding of the past and its impact on the present, to develop the critical skills of historical inquiry and to enable students to participate as active, informed and responsible citizens.

Year 7:

  • Term 1: Investigating the Past and Ancient China

  • Term 2: Ancient Rome 

Year 8:

  • Term 1: Medieval Europe

  • Term 2: Polynesian Expansion and Spanish Conquest of the Americas

Year 9: 

  • Term 1: Industrial Revolution 

  • Term 2: Australians at War

Year 10:

  • Term 1: Genocide 

  • Term 1-2: Rights and Freedoms

  • Term 2: The Cold War


The aim of Geography in Kindergarten to Year 10 is to stimulate students' interest in and engagement with the world. Through geographical inquiry they develop an understanding of the interactions between people, places and environments across a range of scales in order to become informed, responsible and active citizens.

Year 7:

  • Term 3: Landscapes and Landforms

  • Term 4: Place and Liveability 

Year 8:

  • Term 3: Water in the World 

  • Term 4: Interconnections

Year 9: 

  • Term 3: Sustainable Biomes

  • Term 4: Changing Places

Year 10:

  • Term 3: Environmental Change and Management 

  • Term 4: Human Wellbeing

Elective Courses

Students also have an opportunity to learn more about people and the societies and environments in which they live through elective subjects in Years 7 to 10 (Stages 4 to 5).

  • Commerce

  • History Elective 


  • Miss Amber O'Connell (Rel. Head Teacher)

  • Mr Chris Puleo 

  • Mrs Rachel Pirovic Moss 

  • Mrs Arjit Sabharwal

  • Mrs Sherene Abrahams

  • Mr Wyatt Barn

  • Mr Kurt Woods